Creating an image of «victim» as a way of creating controlled conflict situation
There are different forms of victim construction for create of managed conflict situation since the earliest times. Today the topicality of this problem related with the era of informatization. But in theoretical and methodological terms this problem has not been studied sufficiently in a sociological context. I defended a dissertation ««Victim» as a phenomenon of social and political conflict» in 2008. And this dissertation formed the basis of elaboration methodical basis for study this problem. I have published a number of science works. Currently, I teach a special course for students.
And today I would like to discuss with my colleagues same of my ideas about the different forms of victim construction for create of managed conflict.
The theoretic and methodological base of this study is:
For the test of my theory I analyzed the real social and political conflicts both Russia and in the world in 1998-2008.
On the base of analyze I constructed the structure of social and political conflict and the place of victim in this structure.
As we see, comprising each of the conflicting parties can take place real victim and / or its constructed image. Between the conflicting parties can take place neutral or "clean" victim, it means that the victim does not belong to any of the conflicting parties.
So, the victim of the conflict - is affected by the actions of the opposing party of conflict are people who are not directly involved in the conflict and recognized as victims of "significant others."
Very important or same times key role in the construction of the "victim" belongs to the "indirect side" of the conflict which can pursuing its own interests, may be the main initiator of this conflict but is not formally taking part in it.
Possessing the necessary economic, political and other resources, indirect party can:
Beginning of creating the "victim" may precede the beginning of conflict situation. The main reason for the creating of the "victim" is the desire of the subject constructs a certain image of the victim, to create a favorable situation of conflict for yourself to achieve goals.
Creating image of the victim may be classified on the follow types: «victim-hero», «victim-loss», «victim as beloging», «victim-tragedy», «victim-country», «victim-nation», «multifunction victim» and other.
Construction an image of «victim» has to meet such characteristics as guiltlessness and defenselessness. Therefore on the role of «victim» appoints guiltlessness children, old people, and women. Violence on them provokes the tension of passions and promotes forming of specified public opinion.
The process of creating a “victim” involves a whole series of steps. Consider the example of the process creating the image of "victim-hero".
Generating an image of «victim» both in the real and in the potential conflicts presuppose execution the following functions:
Targeted charge of attempting to "victim" creates a situation in which the accused party gets obviously disadvantageous conditions. It has to make excuses, to prove innocence, while the charging party has the opportunity to increase their pressure, creating a real or imaginary of "aggressor" enemy image. Efficiency create of "victim" as a symbolic product, and its realization in the conflict interaction of parties, in a great measure depends on the balance of forces. Party that has a more powerful total capital (as Bourdieu) has more opportunities to make political product and impose it on others as legitimate categories of the social world.
Party does not have enough total capital, so that to protect theirs interests, as a rule, is doomed to failure. The main method of resistance against construction of false image is the timely and reliable information. In the condition of total information war it is becoming very difficult but necessary .
My concept of creation "victim" is a theoretical and methodological basis for the analysis and resolution of any conflicts in the international relations.
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